Alabama Disclaimer of Property Interest Law

Wills and Estates – Disclaimer of Property Interest – Alabama

Short title.

This article may be cited as the Alabama Uniform Disclaimer of Property Interests Act.

Title 43, Chap. 8, Article 11, Section 43-8-290

Right to disclaim interest in property.

(a) A person, or the representative of a deceased, incapacitated person, protected person, incompetent or ward, who is an heir, next of kin, devisee, legatee, grantee, donee, surviving joint tenant, person succeeding to a disclaimed interest, beneficiary under a testamentary or nontestamentary instrument or contract, or appointee under a power of appointment exercised by a testamentary or nontestamentary instrument, or to whom any property or interest therein devolves, by whatever means, may disclaim in whole or in part the right of succession to any property or interest therein by delivering or filing a written disclaimer under this article.

(b) A surviving joint tenant may disclaim as a separate interest any property or interest therein devolving to him by right of survivorship. A surviving joint tenant may disclaim the entire interest in any property or interest therein that is the subject of a joint tenancy devolving to him, if the joint tenancy was created by act of a deceased joint tenant, if the survivor did not join in creating the joint tenancy.

(c) The right to disclaim exists notwithstanding any limitation on the interest of the disclaimant in the nature of a spendthrift provision or similar restriction.

Title 43, Chap. 8, Article 11, Section 43-8-291

Filing and delivery of disclaimer.

(a) Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, if the property or interest has devolved to the disclaimant under a testamentary instrument or by the laws of intestacy, the disclaimer shall be filed, as to a present interest, not later than nine months after the death of the deceased owner or deceased donee of a power of appointment and, if of a future interest, not later than nine months after the event determining that the taker of the property or interest has become finally ascertained and his interest is indefeasibly vested. The disclaimer shall be filed in the probate court of the county in which proceedings for the administration of the estate of the deceased owner or deceased donee of the power have been commenced or, if they have not been commenced, in which they could be commenced. A copy of the disclaimer shall be delivered in person or mailed by registered or certified mail to any personal representative or other fiduciary of the decedent or donee of the power.

(b) Except as provided in subsection (c) of this section, if the property or interest has devolved to the disclaimant under a nontestamentary instrument or contract, the disclaimer shall be delivered or filed, as to a present interest, not later than nine months after the effective date of the nontestamentary instrument or contract and, as to a future interest, not later than nine months after the event determining that the taker of the property or interest has become finally ascertained and his interest is indefeasibly vested. If the person entitled to disclaim does not have actual knowledge of the existence of the interest, the disclaimer shall be delivered or filed not later than nine months after he has actual knowledge of the existence of the interest. The effective date of a revocable instrument or contract is the date on which the maker no longer has power to revoke it or to transfer to himself or another the entire legal and equitable ownership of the interest. The disclaimer or a copy thereof shall be delivered in person or mailed by registered or certified mail to the trustee or other person who has legal title to, or possession of, the interest disclaimed.

(c) In any case, as to a transfer creating an interest in the disclaimant made after December 31, 1976, and subject to tax under chapter 11, 12, or 13 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1954, as amended, a disclaimer intended as a qualified disclaimer thereunder must specifically so state and must be delivered not later than nine months after the later of the date the transfer is made or the day on which the person disclaiming attains age 21.

(d) If real property or an interest therein is disclaimed, a copy of the disclaimer instrument may be filed for record in the office of the probate judge of the county in which the property or interest disclaimed is located.

Title 43, Chap. 8, Article 11, Section 43-8-292

Form of disclaimer.

The disclaimer shall:

(1) Be in writing;

(2) Describe the property or interest disclaimed;

(3) Declare the disclaimer and extent thereof; and

(4) Be signed by the disclaimant.

Title 43, Chap. 8, Article 11, Section 43-8-293

Effect of disclaimer.

(a) If the property or interest devolved to a disclaimant under a testamentary instrument or under the laws of intestacy and the deceased owner or donee of a power of appointment has not provided for another disposition, it devolves as if the disclaimant had predeceased the decedent or, if the disclaimant was designated to take under a power of appointment exercised by a testamentary instrument, as if the disclaimant had predeceased the donee of the power. Any future interest that takes effect in possession or enjoyment after the termination of the estate or interest disclaimed takes effect as if the disclaimant had died before the event determining that the taker of the property or interest had become finally ascertained and his interest is indefeasibly vested. A disclaimer relates back for all purposes to the date of death of the decedent, or of the donee of the power, or the determinative event, as the case may be.

(b) If the property or interest devolved to a disclaimant under a nontestamentary instrument or contract and the instrument or contract does not provide for another disposition:

(1) It devolves as if the disclaimant had died before the effective date of the instrument or contract; and
(2) A future interest that takes effect in possession or enjoyment at or after the termination of the disclaimed interest takes effect as if the disclaimant had died before the event determining that the taker of the property or interest had become finally ascertained and his interest indefeasibly vested. A disclaimer relates back for all purposes to the effective date of the instrument or contract or the date of the determinative event, as the case may be.

(c) The disclaimer or the written waiver of the right to disclaim is binding upon the disclaimant or person waiving and all persons claiming through or under him.

Title 43, Chap. 8, Article 11, Section 43-8-294

Waiver and bar.

The right to disclaim property or an interest therein is barred by:

(1) An assignment, conveyance, encumbrance, pledge, or transfer of the property or interest, or a contract therefor;

(2) A written waiver of the right to disclaim;

(3) An acceptance of the property or interest or a benefit thereunder; or

(4) A sale of the property or interest under judicial sale made before the disclaimer is effected.

Title 43, Chap. 8, Article 11, Section 43-8-295

Remedy not exclusive.

This article does not abridge the right of a person to waive, release, disclaim, or renounce property or an interest therein under any other statute.

Title 43, Chap. 8, Article 11, Section 43-8-296

Uniformity of application and construction.

This article shall be applied and construed to effectuate its general purpose to make uniform the law with respect to the subject of this article among states enacting it. It is the intent of the legislature of the state of Alabama by this article to clarify the laws of this state with respect to the subject matter hereof in order to ensure the ability of persons to disclaim interests in property without the imposition of federal and state estate, inheritance, gift and transfer taxes. This article is to be interpreted and construed in accordance with, and in furtherance of, that intent.

Title 43, Chap. 8, Article 11, Section 43-8-297

Applicability of article.

An interest in property that exists on the effective date of this article as to which, if a present interest, the time for delivering or filing a disclaimer under this article has not expired or, if a future interest, the interest has not become indefeasibly vested or the taker finally ascertained, may be disclaimed within nine months after the effective date of this article.

Title 43, Chap. 8, Article 11, Section 43-8-298


Inside Alabama Disclaimer of Property Interest Law